Coronary artery disease (CAD) refers to a disease of the arteries that provide blood to the heart muscles. CAD is a gradual process which builds up over years causing damage to the inside of the artery wall. This damage leads to inflammation and a roughening of the inside wall of the artery. This leads to more cholesterol being deposited to the affected area, which then becomes larger (like a growing pimple). This cholesterol deposit is referred to as plaque. A plaque can eventually block off the artery completely, or it can eventually burst, causing a blood clot to form in the artery which can lead to chest pain or heart attack. Risk factors to developing CAD include high cholesterol and high triglycerides, smoking, high blood pressure and diabetes.
Our condition management nurses are ready to help individuals diagnosed with coronary artery disease learn to manage their condition by:
- Increasing knowledge of the disease
- Providing strategies to slow disease progression and allow for self-management and lifestyle changes
- Help managing co-morbid conditions which contribute to the chronic disease of CAD
- Review current medications and treatments
- Help to develop personal goals and successful strategies to manage CAD